Is located northeast of Pikilassos.

The ruins of ancient Anopoli, located on the hill of Agia Aikaterini, to the west and southwest of the current namesake village. From this position, ensure full supervision of large areas of land, and the Libyan Sea. Its port, ensure maritime communication between East and West, as a stopover. Anopoli was an independent city and had its own currency. Sources say that the 3rd century. B.C. occupied by neighboring Aradin and released from the Charmada, citizen Anopolis. In this period dating perhaps the first phase of its walls. The 230 to 210 BC identifies a list of cities that sent it to Delphi.
The Anopolis with Aradena and Pikilassos, are among the cities that have signed the treaty of alliance of 30 Cretan cities with Eumenes II of Pergamon in 183 BC The settlement survived Root Pelasgian walls that Pashley observed in the length of 300 steps, 6-step thickness and height 5-11 feet. Anopoli was famous in Hellenistic times and it flourished in the Roman and Byzantine periods. The water supply was from tanks whose preserved remains. The site covers a fairly large area, surrounded by strong walls and foundations includes many homes, a large cistern and perhaps the foundations of a large temple. Several walls are preserved to a height of 1-3 meters, most built from adouleftes stones and some of cornerstones. The visible architectural remains arrive in the south to the church of St. Catherine, where preserved and part of the Turkish cool.
In the wider region have identified two ways of living in neighborhoods and individual farmsteads. Also been revealed by excavations, cist tombs of the Roman period (the cemetery of the ancient city located between the settlements of Lake and Pavliana). The 1988 fieldwork at an altitude of 600 and 800 m, were discovered a few positions Ysteroneolithikis / Early Minoan period.

The ruins of ancient Aradin, saved to 'Passopetra', near the present village Aradena which preserves the name. It was after referring autonomous city between 30 Cretan cities that signed the treaty of alliance with Eumenes B Pergamon in 183 BC In Aradin had the same constitution with Ancient Sparta, creating confusion about anymore borrowed. The 'Herds', ie groups of young people of the ancient constitution, resolutions of the state laws, righteous deeds and exploits of eminent men of the learned singing in order to memorize. Continuation of these ancient chants, is undoubtedly the later Sfakian songs. The ancient necropolis in place 'Xenotafi'. Port Aradin was the Phoenix. Believes founded by Phoenician colonists and the name associated with Phoenician word Aruad, which means shelter and namesake town was in Phoenicia. The Aradena until the last centuries of Venetian and Ottoman first prospered because its inhabitants were engaged in shipping and trade.

Small and mountainous ancient city, built in the gorge of Samaria, near the springs of the river, to 'Greek'. Developed in antiquity and in accordance with the tradition, the goddess was born Vritomartis from 'vrity' meaning 'sweet and' March which means girl-virgin, called Diktyna and daughter of Zeus. Statue kept in the museum of Chania. 1991 identified outdoor sanctuary with a source very close to the church of St. Nicholas. Still, found bronze and iron arrows and spearheads. This is the oracle of Apollo or the caduceus men. In the same environment he lived and worshiped nymph Akakalis.

The ancient town allegedly was the basin of Krapi or adjacent to it 'pads' on the road Fountains - Sfakia. It took its name from Katreas, eldest son of Minos. According to Homer, here was the grandson of Menelaus, when Paris apeigage the beautiful Helen, the cause of the Trojan war.

The city is located west of the village Patsianos in place where the church of St. Theodore Tyron. So named because of the lack of water. There are ruins.

Was north and east of the fortress Frangokasteilo. There was a temple of Goddess Nikita, the ruins of which was built later in the 6th century Basilica of St. Nikita the 13th century the small Byzantine church that exists there today. In the yard of the church is impressive mosaic, which for reasons of protection, has been covered by gravel. Archaeological research of the last thirty years, unearthed pottery finds from the Middle Minoan (1800 1600p.ch.) And isterominoiki (1600-1450p.ch.) Period, certifying permanent residence and presence in the small valley. Denser are the findings from the Minoan period onwards, which show an overall edge. Residues identified two Roman settlements, while northwest of the castle have been found one yet. At this point and focusing on the basilica Astratigos (Archangel Michael), whose ruins lie north of the fort, it seems that there was still organized settlement in the 6th-7th AD century, as evidenced by remnants Masonry and stone piles.
The royal and the settlement was destroyed by an earthquake. Then the area was abandoned, probably due to the Arab raids. Residential activity we again from the 13th century during the early Venetian period, where there is construction of churches in positions of basilicas that existed before, while north of the valley appear the three villages, Skaloti, Kapsodasos and Patsianos. In the current location, the church of St. Nikita made the antiquity PAGRITIA games in honor of the goddess Nikita who were popular and considered the forefathers of the Olympic Games. The struggles continued throughout the historical period and until today. On 15 September each year they celebrate St Nikitas take shape again. The games are in the new stadium of Sfakia, located opposite the church with sports speed, length, shot put, discus, shooting and riding.
Apollonia Apollonia.
The location of the allegedly was close to the beach of Agia Marina, south of the village Argoules.

The ancient city of Phoenix was in a cove west of the current Loutro Sfakia. There harbor Anopoli and Aradena with development in Roman times. The port provided strong protection because of its position, even from strong storms. Today there are the remains of habitation. In place of the Theotokos Church, there was a large aisled basilica, where the walls are preserved to a height of 3 m is characterized by spacious outbuilding south of the narthex, rather baptistery. Was the seat of the archdiocese until the early Venetian period. Here Kritagenis worshiped Zeus and Apollo of Delphi. West of the village are the ruins of the Temple of Apollo and the Turkish castle. Next to the church of St. Catherine at the entrance of the village still stands the Turkish Koules, built in 1866 and has a circular shape and height. Also remains of ancient bathtubs, they took the name of the present village of Loutro

Belongs to the period from the Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic period and is located in Cape Tripiti between Sougias and Ag Roumeli. The Pikilassos was an independent city and falls in Elyros. In the city discovered inscriptions testify to the existence of a temple dedicated to Serapis, ellinoaigiptiakou chthonic god. Also discovered tombs carved in the rocks. Ptolemy calls the city Poikilassion. In the 3rd century BC was a member of the 'League of Orio', a federation of mountain towns where members enjoyed independence, but had common internal and foreign policy. This federation is composed of the cities Lissos Syia, Pikilassos, Tarra Hyrtakina and Elyros.

The city is located near the exit of the Samaria Gorge on the eastern side of the river. The city was founded classical times, was small but independent and minted its own coins, which, on one side depicts the head of an ibex (ibex) and arrow and another bee. It was a great religious center of the Dorians, with temples of the goddess Vritomartydos, which was the protector of flocks, Apollo and Artemis, the main worship Tarraiou Apollo. The city was famous for its oracle and had established colonies in southern Italy and the Caucasus. Apollo left here with dolphins, Delphi and went to the solid Greece and founded the oracle of Delphi.

It flourished during the Hellenistic, but mainly Roman period. The Romans when they found the Temple of Vritomartidas, protector of herds, the same dedicated to their goddess, the Roumilia. When Christianity prevailed, was named St. Roumilia and later Agia Roumeli, where in one version the name originates in the region. During antiquity and later the Venetian rule, Tarra was a major shipyard. The location was ideal for such a task, and this for two reasons, because there afenos large quantity of raw wood near the coast and also because the river has been a great source of energy for sawmills that existed here. Four thousand years ago, Tara was a major exporter of timber. Also in town were glassmaking workshops.

From here came the Lucilla who flourished in the 2nd BC century, and wrote comments in the Argonautica of Apollonius rhodium, and the guitar player Chrisothemis, son of Karmanoros, who defeated the Pythia. 183 BC appears to be one of the cities that signed the alliance of 30 Cretan cities with Eumenes II of Pergamon. The city was destroyed in 66p.Ch. by an earthquake. The coast of Tara, until 365 AD about, had nothing in common with today's beach, and then dried rose sharply by about 4 m along the coast of Sfakia.

Near the old village of Agia Roumeli, the ruins of an ancient temple of Apollo, on which had been founded early Christian basilica (still preserved walls 3m. Wonderful and mosaics), which later turned into the small church of Panagia on the 1500s.

map of Sfakia small

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